banana dna extraction lab report conclusion

Kiwis and bananas both together produced the same amount of strawberries alone. The liquid soap is added to help break down cell membranes to release the DNA. Mush the banana in the resealable bag for about a minute until all the lumps are gone and it almost looks like pudding. 0000002648 00000 n All living things, bananas and people included, pass on information from one generation to the next using the same basic material, DNA. 6 (5 points) Which of the applications of genomics listed below can be used in agriculture? "Seeing DNA". number: 206095338, E-mail us: 0000003969 00000 n your own essay or use it as a source, but you need 0000000936 00000 n What properties do bases have? Three heaping teaspoons of the banana mixture that was made in the beginning of the experiment was then added to the shampoo, salt, and water solution and mixed with a spoon for five to ten minutes. Approximately 3ml of banana solution were dispenced into each test tube. While the banana solution was being mixed, a number two cone coffee filter was laced inside a second five-ounce cup. /CreationDate (D:20220315063300+02'00') Furthermore, analysis of forensic evidence is defined as the application of forensic science and technology to identify specific objects from the trace evidence they leave, often at a crime scene or the scene of an accident. 2 Mar 2023. Lab Report Banana Dna. DNA Extraction process DNA is an incredibly small molecule, but in large quantities, it can be seen. Banana and Strawberry image by Ralph Daily via Wikimedia Commons. 20g of banana was added into each ziplock bag labeled 'Extraction 1' and 'Extraction 2' 3. 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Then alcohol added to the solution causes the DNA to precipitate out. This lab was conducted in order to show and analyze the way DNA is extracted. Other uncategorized cookies are those that are being analyzed and have not been classified into a category as yet. During the procedure of the lab, a ratio of one banana per one cup (250 milliliters) of distilled water had to be mixed together in a blender. DNA Extraction from Kiwifruit Student Instructions Introduction DNA is present in the cells of all living organisms. The bananas were mashed for about 5 minutes. Because of their size, it is impossible to see a single DNA molecule with the naked eye. In the cytoplasm, the information in RNA is translated into proteins, which serve as the end products of most all genes. 9 How does detergent help to break down DNA? Why or why not? . Some additional protocols for DNA extractions: Sex Influenced Female Dominant Inheritance, beakers 100ml and 2x250ml (or jars that same size), liquid dishwashing detergent (clear solution works better than cloudy), Make a 10% solution of dishwashing detergent in one of your 250ml beakers (make enough to fill the mortar half way), Add the 10% detergent solution to cover the fruit, Grind the banana in the soap solution until there are no lumps (this is the hardest part, have the students take turns), Fasten a coffee filter to the 250 ml beaker with a rubber band so there is room for the fruit to be poured into the filter, Pour the fruit and soap mixture into the filter and place in a cold place to filter, Clean up your lab area while you are waiting for the filtering to complete, Remove the filter and throw away the contents, Pour enough of the liquid into a test tube to fill it 2 cm high, Add twice the volume of 95% ethanol (try to layer the alcohol on top by gently pouring it down the side of the test tube), The DNA will precipitate in the boundary between the alcohol and the banana mixture as a cloudy mass. /SMask /None>> Banana DNA Extraction Lab Name: _____ Objectives: Describe where DNA is located in a plant cell. Lea being the main narrator, sat up on her knees, Inviting the audience In to listen and seemed more comforting and engaged, whereas Phil communicated with the audience with the. ASU - Ask A Biologist. We understood how a buffer solutions disrupts the plasma membrane and releasing cellular components into the solution. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. /Pages 3 0 R For the genes DNA to subsequently influence an inherited trait, the stored genetic information in the DNA in most cases is first transferred to a closely related nuclei acid, RNA or ribonucleic acid. Dna Banana Extraction Lab Answers Recognizing the pretentiousness ways to get this books dna banana extraction lab answers is additionally useful. Studying DNA is one way scientists learn about what is necessary for life. Retrieved March 2, 2023 from, Melissa Wilson Sayres. For molecular research, the quality and integrity of DNA obtained will affect the reliability of subsequent results. 20 milliliters (four teaspoons) of distilled water was then added to the mixture. The cookies is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Necessary". But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The salt will help the DNA stick together once it is out of the cells. Throughout the entire experiment there were many possible ways that the ending result of the appearance of the DNA could have differed. DNA can be extracted and observed. <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 23 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Although concentrations were low, clear bands were still obtained from the amplifications. Step 8: Pour the drained liquid into a glass. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are Banana bunchy top of your problem is a few minutes without seeds and reseeding of cookies before placing the parts of genomic distribution, but any spills. 0000001339 00000 n 0000044903 00000 n 5 0 obj /CA 1.0 The positively charged sodium ions in the salt help protect the negatively charged phosphate groups that run along the backbone of the DNA. 3 0 obj For example, scientists can identity genetic cell membranes if the cell wall guards the cell, DNA extraction, a detergent will cause the cell to pop open, or lyse, so that the DNA is released into solution. Let's think of three of the main itemswe added to the bananas. 0000040208 00000 n The test tubes were carefully handled to avoid shaking. The remaining two bases, cytosine and thymine, are known as pyrimidines. DNA extraction is integral to the process of genetic modification of plants. %PDF-1.4 What does soap do when you wash your hands. Strawberries are octoploid, which means they have eight copies of the DNA in their genome in every cell! harmony in order to life, Extracting Dna from Bananas. DNA contains the instructions required to build each living thing. The sa$t e"ab$es the DN stra"%s to, The DN prec#p#tates out o! 0000040445 00000 n This essay was written by a fellow student. These comprise the genetic alphabet which in various combinations, will specify the components of proteins. Get expert help in mere << <<37B5D6E5CA566B46AF6D8E49138E4E7A>]>> Its natural shape is called a double helix and when seen under extremely high-powered microscopes, it looks kind of like a ladder twisted into a spiral shape. Altering Animals. % The banana DNA was circular and was very separated into many smaller pieces. The solution had to be blended for 15 to 20 seconds, until it became a dense mixture. Once these membranes are broken apart, the DNA is released from the cell. This procedure is designed to extract DNA from kiwi in sufficient quantity to be seen and spooled. o/ H|9 O7ze~.p -s'NK SNlg7WO dq=}i43 Hypothesis: Order custom essay Strawberry DNA Extraction Lab Formal Write Up with free plagiarism report GET ORIGINAL PAPER Genetic testing can best be defined as a process in which an individuals DNA is isolated and tested for the presence of specific genes or defects that could indicate the future onset of some disease. Three examples of why scientists might need to indentify DNA are for genetic testing, body identification, and analysis of forensic evidence. This process was repeated for 4 times. A very simple and inexpensive method for high-throughput DNA extraction from animal tissues has been developed. stream /Subtype /Image Extract: to draw or pull something out (especially from another material). &t #s, #"cre%#b$y sma$$' but we ca" see #t by extract#"g DN a"%, %#st#$$e% water #" the p$ast#c bag' sea$ the bag a"%, so$ut#o" s$ow$y !or about a m#"ute u"t#$ the shampoo, the empty cup. The banana mixtures were cooled in the ice chest containing ice for 2 minutes. % >> 166 0 obj <>stream Variants of genes, called alleles, are responsible for differences in hair color, eye color, and earlobe shape. DNA is in every living thing (and it's only in living things). ?>, Order original essay sample specially for your assignment needs,, A Passion for DNA: Genes, Genomes, and Society, A role for transportin in the nuclear import of Adenovirus core proteins and dna, get custom This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. DNA provides a blueprint for an organisms growth and development. But with bananas, we share about 50 percent of our genes, which turns out to be only about 1 percent of our DNA, emails Mike Francis, a Ph. dna-extraction-lab-report-banana-conclusion 2/7 Downloaded from on October 4, 2022 by guest sprint against other world-class researchers to solve one of science's greatest mysteries gives a dazzlingly clear picture of a world of brilliant scientists with great gifts, very human ambitions, and bitter rivalries. } !1AQa"q2#BR$3br DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, which is a nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose. The test tube solution. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance". /Width 625 <> 0000008815 00000 n The filtration step (pouring the mixture through the strainer) allows for the collection of the DNA and other cellular substances. My averages of all three fruits range from a difference compared to the other fruit of 1.67, 0.33 and 2. When subjected to certain conditions, it is possible to collect large amounts of DNA to make it visible. 0000002685 00000 n A probable reason for this 0000007612 00000 n This DNA extraction is simple and works every time but the DNA is not pure. And because DNA doesn't dissolve in alcohol, this substance helps DNA to cluster into a separate layer. During the DNA extraction, the soap pulls apart the fats (lipids) and proteins that make up the membranes surrounding the cell and nucleus. Within every living organism, most cells contain a complete set of DNA instructions. Which is correct poinsettia or poinsettia? If you took all of the DNA out of some middle-sized organism (or part of an organism, like a piece of fruit),you could see and even touch DNA. endobj The enzymes in softens the phospholipids in the cell membrane and denatures the DNAse Test 2 Amount of DNA extracted Figure 1. Pour the mix into the filter and let it sit until all of the liquid drips down into the cup. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. All of the above steps were completed in the same manner for the banana DNA extraction except DNA and small cell debris to filter through. The book is also an excellent resource for those studying or researching food technology, food science, food engineering, food packaging, applied nutrition, biotechnology, and more. Watch biologist Melissa Wilson Sayres as she shows you step-by-step how to extract DNA from a banana. It is also essential for carrying out forensic science, sequencing genomes, detecting bacteria and viruses in the environment and for determining paternity. ma)e up the membra"es surrou"%#"g the ce$$ a"% "uc$eus. endobj Bananas and strawberries are great choices. Materials: Half a peeled banana distilled water plastic sealable bag or beaker plastic cup shampoo or dishwashing liquid table salt In addition, there are four kinds of nitrogenous bases in DNA. 1 2 . 0 A water bath was prepared. 0000005524 00000 n The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. * Peter J. Bowler (1989). 0000039985 00000 n OBJECTIVES * To learn basic DNA extraction processes. You must cite our web site as your source. (c) Or, slowly pour the alcohol down the inside of the test tube with a pasteur pipette or medicine dropper. 10 What do we have in common with the banana plant? By volunteering, or simply sending us feedback on the site. However, it is nice because the students get to see and hold in their hand the substance they have been studying that seems so abstract and hard to believe it even exists. Then a plastic pipette was filled with the filtrate two times and added to the alcohol. (2016, April 19). Video of this experiment can be found here: DN #s !ou"% #" the ce$$s o! (B) Banana Extraction 1. While you may know of the double-helix structure of DNA, you can't see that structure with the naked eye. DNA can be extracted and observed. 7 0 obj D. student in bioinformatics at the University of Georgia. Step 1: Chop up the banana. /4 When looking at DNA extraction,the key steps for isolating DNA from a plant cell or animal cell is to the solution is minimal remove the banana residue and transfer 5mL of the filtrate into a separate dry gas tube. These instructions are in segments of DNA called genes. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C . Why do you put liquid soap in a banana strainer? Cells reproduce in part by passing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from parent cells to offspring cells. 0000000016 00000 n 2 0 obj Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Use the wooden stirrer to start poking the cloudy stuff in the alcohol layer. Result Photo 1: Test tubes containing solution S and SS CONCLUSION. 2 0 obj May 2nd, 2018 - The banana DNA will begin to rise and precipitate out of solution Documents Similar To Lab Report 4 DNA Isolation Bio DNA Extraction Lab Report Lab Reports ScienceHK April 24th, 2018 - To learn the simple method of DNA extraction Take a picture which will be included in your lab report Who says lab reports can t be fun Try to avoid making too much foam. To extract DNA for this activity, it is best to use mushy fruit. 6 : Group Bs Results Tan 1 1. There are three basic steps in DNA extraction. We are able to observe the extraction of genomic DNA from plant cells. The point both 3 small test tubes and to investigate the cell nucleus to release the DNA. How does detergent help to break down DNA? 3. If the lab is conducted properly then we should be able to view a visible. Publisher: Arizona State University School of Life Sciences Ask A Biologist. The actual DNA structure is seen as a double helix in which two strands are wound around each other. * To observe the extraction of genomic DNA from plant cells. 4. 0. g of salt was added into flask SS. 0000002160 00000 n Then eight millilitres of DNA buffer was then added to the pure. * Elof Carlson (The Unfit), Mendels Legacy: The Origin of Classical Genetics, Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory Press, USA * Benjamin Cummings(2005), iGenetics: A Mendelian Approach, Pearson; University of Chicago, USA. 135 0 obj <> endobj startxref The Essay on Human Genome Project Sequence Dna Information. What do we have in common with the banana plant? By continuing well assume youre on board with our DNA can be extracted and observed. Descr#be the appeara"ce o! Cells reproduce in part by passing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from parent cells to offspring cells. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz you to an academic expert within 3 minutes. Place a very small sample of the extracted DNA on a microscope slide and place one drop of Aceto-orecin stain on the . The a$coho$ separates the DN !rom the other, ce$$ compo"e"ts' wh#ch are $e!t beh#"% #" the water, Do not sell or share my personal information, We are able to properly and successfully extract DNA from banana using cell disruption and separation techniques. 19 Apr 2016. Do "ot $et the 0$ter touch the bottom, m#xture so that there are two $ayers o! Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own. In a separate five-ounce cup, a solution consisting of one teaspoon of shampoo and two pinches of salt was made. A. potential of crossing over in meiosis I B. The information in DNA tells our bodies how to develop, grow, and work. 20g of banana was added into each ziplock bag labeled Extraction 1 and Extraction 2 3. %PDF-1.5 We manage to learn basic DNA extraction processes. Did you know that we have over 70,000 essays on 3,000 topics in our And because the DNA doesnt dissolve in alcohol, this substance helps the DNA clump together in a separate layer. Describe the limitations of traditional methods of Identifying bacteria. The salt was dissolved by stirring slowly to avoid foaming. Conclusion Purpose : This lab was conducted in order to show and analyze the way DNA is extracted. We do in fact share about 50% of our genes with plants including bananas. Bananas have 44.1% of genetic makeup in common with humans. Humans share 50% of our DNA with a banana.. Overall, the Lab: Extracting DNA from Bananas demonstrated and visualized the process of how DNA can be seen from the naked eye by removing DNA directly from bananas. 0000045399 00000 n The two strands are held together by hydrogen bonds between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine. Write reflection paper about this question. Place the coffee filter in a clear glass cup, securing the top of the filter around the lip of the cup. All living things including humans, plants (bananas!) It is incredibly small, but we can see it by extracting DNA and isolating chains of it. For instance, the detergent or soap helps to break down the cells outer membrane, and the salt helps to separate the DNA from other materials in the cell. 0000001613 00000 n endobj The nuclei acid DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid serves as the genetic material in all living organisms as well as in most viruses. Using the wooden coffee stirrer, the DNA can be spooled out of the solution. Essay. endobj [/Pattern /DeviceRGB] Materials: Extracting DNA from Bananas student handout 1 large banana 3/4 cups distilled . The Mendelian Revolution: The Emergence of Hereditarian Concepts in Modern Science and Society. The salt contributes positively charged atoms that neutralise the normal negative charge of DNA. 4 0 obj 7. Johns Hopkins University Press. Which DNA extraction the best? Place the banana pieces into a sealable plastic bag. xref The process involves a few general steps, including mashing, filtration, precipitation, and extraction. My hypothesis was correct for strawberries producing the most DNA followed by kiwis and than bananas last. /Type /XObject /BitsPerComponent 8 You are looking at DNA! Stir gently trying to avoid making too many bubbles in the mixture. 8. ASU - Ask A Biologist, Web. What You Need Banana Salt Warm water Liquid soap Blender Toothpicks Strainer Glass jar Rubbing alcohol Knife Here's How 0000040688 00000 n The white DNA could be seen precipitating out of the alcohol layer. 1. <>>> Lastly, when good results were obtained, there was enough DNA to spool onto a rod or a plastic loop. JFIF d d C If the steps were altered then the yield or the amount of DNA per banana could have been very small because the DNA would get trapped inside the cells or bound to lipids. The DNA kiwi extraction shows how simple it may be to extract DNA from a living organism which is very essential because DNA gives important information DNA. In this activity, you will extract and observe DNA from bananas. Because DNA is in every cell, there is a lot of it in an organism. The process of transferring information from DNA to RNA is called transcription. can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing 0000001999 00000 n Segments, or pieces, of DNA are called "genes." Hear Let this two-layer mixture sit for eight minutes. We are going to use fruits because they are soft and easy to pulverize. DNA needs a lot of DNA for the extraction. 0000011509 00000 n DNA is organized into genes and stores genetic information. database? What is the best fruit to extract DNA from? (60 oC) 2. 6. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. Water is a molecule of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom (H2O)more. For instance, the detergent or soap helps to break down the cells outer membrane, and the salt helps to separate the DNA from other materials in the cell. We succesfully investigated the effect of temperature on DNA extraction from bananas. The bag was closed with minimum content of air. Retrieved from, Hire skilled expert and get original paper in 3+ hours, Run a free check or have your essay done for you, Didn`t find the right sample? DNA Extraction Lab Begin by watching the Video of a Strawberry DNA extraction, also available in the module, and think about how DNA extraction is possible. endstream endobj 165 0 obj <>/Size 135/Type/XRef>>stream DNA is organized into genes and stores genetic information. All the methods employ agarose gel electrophoresis to separate the DNA molecules. Step 2: Put the banana into a bag. %%EOF Step 2: In a separate bowl, mix the washing up liquid, salt and tap water. When the size of the sample nearly tripled at 939.46 ng/ul for the RNA reading, the measurements at both the 260 and 280 wavelength . f MATERIALS Fresh Bananas Droppers Water 70% rubbing alcohol 3 Plastic Bag (Ziplock) Salt Liquid Dish Soap Mixing bowl (Medium size) Measuring spoon Measuring cup 3 Beaker (Big and Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Body identification is a subfield of forensic science wherein investigators need to identify a body. Step 1. An academic unit ofThe College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, You may need to edit author's name to meet the style formats, which are in most cases "Last name, First name. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. The mixtures were filtered through cheesecloths. Lastly, All Papers Are For Research And Reference Purposes Only. DNA extractions the surface of genetic engineering. As part of the chromosomes, the information contained in genes can be transmitted faithfully by parents through gametes to their offspring. If you are interested in helping with the website we have a Volunteers page to get the process started. endobj 1. 4.1. 9>U0c4S7FK9>>Ns^|t_g7]}|qwwQvvpaZEU2pOUAK2wb)m-]v| DNA is a component of living and once-living things. DNA extraction The concentrations of the extracted DNA was measured using the NanoPhotometer,UV/Vis spectrophotometer (Implen, munich, Germany) and the average concentration for 12 samples was 0.045g/l. /Height 155 DNA I have also made the conclusion that filter paper is a neccissity. Some of the protein is still present. 0000001162 00000 n The type of RNA that helps in mRNA splicing is made by RNA polymerase ________. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. This DNA extraction is simple and works every time but the DNA is not pure. 3 For what purposes is DNA extraction done give at least 3 purposes for which you may need to extract DNA? DNA extraction is a method to purify DNA by using physical and/or chemical methods from a sample separating DNA from cell membranes, proteins, and other cellular components. Although nowadays very few errors are made due to scientists using biotechnology equipment that allows them to look at DNA to see exactly how organisms are different, and find out how they work. First, the cell must be broken open to release the DNA is a component of living and once-living things. Extraction solution S was added into ziplock Extraction 1 and extraxtion solution SS into ziplock bad Extraction 2. The DNA precipitates out of the solution when the alcohol is added. cite it. the so$ut#o" whe" the a$coho$, #s a%%e%. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. 0000004435 00000 n Mashing the banana exposes a greater surface area from which to extract the DNA. Seeing DNA. Traditional methods include judging by phenotypes characteristics. For more info, see,, Public Service and There are four types of nucleotides which vary depending on the four nitrogenous bases of the molecule. 135 32 0000003809 00000 n <> ?>. However, it is nice because the students get to see and hold in their hand the substance they have been studying that seems so abstract and hard to believe it even exists. For more info, see, Modern Language Association, 7th Ed. Seeing Banana Banana DNA Extraction Activity Ask A Biologist activity for classroom and home Table of Contents Activity Overview Materials Review of Steps and What is Happening Instruction sheet For Teachers Next Generation Science Standards, Arizona Standards, Within every living organism, most cells contain a complete set of DNA instructions. The nanodrop system revealed that at an absorption of 260 wavelengths, the DNA measured 7.49 using a 374.66 ng/ul sample. Community Solutions, The Mysterious Case of the Missing Periods,,,, 1/2 peeled ripe banana (you can also use strawberries or other fruit), very cold rubbing alcohol (isopropyl alcohol) placed in freezer ahead of time. xnFab5\8CA _4E$`i,yI:=x-Yd.5g:#6}^={s/0lH*|?x'}=]4}vb ~M4q'(OV%l`! The bananas were mushed carefully to avoid the bag from breaking. Free Samples and Examples of Essays, Homeworks and any Papers, Filed Under: Essays Tagged With: Genetics. Learn more about Melissa Wilson Sayres' work with Monster DNA. * Pragya Khanna. Advertisement cookies are used to provide visitors with relevant ads and marketing campaigns. It is amazing how important things are being discovered by persons who spend most of their lives dedicated to research. 0000040917 00000 n the DN +co$or' texture', The soap so$ut#o" co"ta#"s so%#um $aure$ su$!ate' wh#ch, the soap pu$$s apart the !ats +$#p#%s a"% prote#"s that. Complementarity serves as the basis for both the replication of DNA and for the transcription of DNA into RNA. surrogate signifiers of a given cistron that may bring forth. The conical flasks was labelled S and SS. /SM 0.02 In this study, we evaluate eight commonly used DNA extraction methods to determine their efficacy in PCR analysis across life stages and preservation . 5 What is DNA extraction and what is its purpose? (Remove the skin of the bananas and kiwi, we just want the insides!) ->!W[wde@ =:| 8 :>ijzKO g9 Then the DNA can be precipitated out of the solution by adding alcohol. 0000006862 00000 n The procedure contains three steps (digestion, Incubation, and centrifugation). essay, Genome Patterns of Common DNA Variations in Three Human Populations, Strawberry DNA Extraction Lab Formal Write Up, Next Generation DNA Sequencing Technologies Biology Essay, Write 3g PROCEDURE (A) Extraction solution recipe: 4ml of shampoo was mixed with 36ml of distilled water.

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